|[lecture] NET.RADIO: AUDIO ARCHIVES
* audio archives - the privilege of net.radio
Audio content publishing - on-line audio archives on the net are the
privilege of the net.radio - it was not experienced before in on-air radio.
Even if there were made recordings of the programmes - the archives were
not accessible for public.
EXPERIMENTAL NET.RADIO PROJECTS
One of the first and still biggest audio archives is RIS/Radio Internationale
Stadt/Berlin, created by artist and programmer Thomax Kaulmann, beginning
of 1997. The main idea was to build up the interface for an open on-line
audio data base where the content is created by contributors - sound artists,
musicians, djs, independent radio makers.
An interesting example is riga net.radio OZONE, established in March,
1997. It was an attempt to establish net.radio without having its own servers
- E-LAB/Riga aimed to use only existing sources - anywhere on this world
where it was possible to get access. The idea was to create real network
radio - where the data can be placed everywhere - web-site was in Riga
on ISP Parks web-server, real audio files on RIS/Berlin and Xs4all/Amsterdam
real audio servers.
The content was mostly alternative Latvian experimental music created
during various experimental events - live jam sessions at e-lab and other
places, recorded and uploaded to the real audio servers in Amsterdam or
Starting November 1997, when E-LAB installed its own real audio server,
radio OZOne is broadcasting weekly live on the net.
* net.audio and radio archives, play-lists
# NET ONLY
NET RADIO OZONE (Riga)
[i] live every Tuesday night at 20:00 CET - archives of recorded live
sessions, Latvian alternative and DJs music, ambient sounds and reports
from events, sound-art, recordings from concerts and parties.
[i] TNC Network's Webstation - journeys into digital culture, audio
archive of live on-line projects
# parallel: ON-AIR = ON-LINE
CONVEX TV (Berlin)
[i] archives of texts and regular live transmissions - convex_tv broadcasting
every first sunday of each month - on air in berlin 87,9 khz and on-line
(real audio stream).
[i] archives of various audio projects, sound installations, texts
and biographies of various sound artists, recorded live sessions (Kunstradio
is broadcasting weekly live on-air in ORF1, Vienna).
# ON-AIR => ON-LINE
WORKSPACE RADIO (Kassel)
[i] real-audio archive created from the recordings of live on-air transmissions
at Freies Radio Kassel, (Hybrid Workspace at Documenta X, summer 1997)
# MUSIC AND DJ'S RADIO STATIONS
[i] techno haus djs net.radio station - archive of weekly live net-casting
sessions (live every Sunday at 10:00 pm EST)
[i] archive of DJs mixes and music (techno-haus-drum'n bass) from parties
and live events
INTERFUNK (G) kulturmagazine
play list –> to choose r/a or mpg3
VPRO / 3voor12 (NL)
DANCE TRACKs (you can select tracks to listen)
# ARCHIVES AND LINK'S LISTS
audio archives (r/a and mpg3), texts, info and radio links,
created by Herbert A. Meyer
MINISTRY OF EXPERIMENTS (Ljubljana)
[i] archives of different real audio experiments, projects and texts
(about How and what to broadcast via the net, XLR, etc.), created by
# ON-LINE PUBLISHER
ORANG SYSTEM - real audio servers' network (Berlin-Riga-London) http://orang.orang.org
[i] Orang System is RealAudio server's network that provides the opportunity
for audio content providers to publish audiofiles on-line via specially
integrated web-environment, created by Thomax Kaulmann
* * *
In 1998 Thomax Kaulmann made new update of RIS on-line audio software
by adding some new functions (random-radio, live scheduler, play list,
etc). He also made a common protocol, which allows now to connect the servers
with installed Orang System in the network. On the end of 1998 the software
first was installed in Riga, on re-lab.net server; later - in January 1999
on London's backspace.org server.
[net.art] '5 min before lunch'
screening of most interesting net.art projects:
Heath Bunting /London/ THE INTERNET BEGGAR
03. [workshop] AUDIO FILES FOR WEB (size and formats)
In order to add sounds on the web-site or to put audio files for download
- how to make small file size still with good quality? It depends on audio
file formats you choose.
Which audio format to choose is depending on your needs: either you
make music for download or background sound, jingle or voice, etc.
there are three primary considerations for each audio format:
1. easy of use - how easy is to create the audio file
2. quality/size - make the file as small as possible but still with
3. portability - how your file fits with diffrent os
easy to use
*.wav - default for WIN
*.aif - default for MAC
- good for short clips, samples, loops, also good for voice clips which
you can record on low sampling rate;
*.au - default for SUN
- file size smaler then wav/aif - suggested for background sound, short
*.mp3 - no default format
- you need special software to encode it
- good compressing, - almost cd quality - mp3 does compressing in very
intelligent way, based on psychoacoustic analysis of audio.
For web - it's better not to make bigger sound files then 100 Kb.
(from the book "Audio on the Web - The Official IUMA Guide", be Jeff
Patterson, Ryan Melcher, published by Peachpit Press http://www.peachpit.com)
* how to make background sound for html pages:
type script in the html page body:
<EMBED SRC="sound.au" AUTOSTART="true" LOOP="true" HIDDEN="true"></EMBED>