01. [lecture] NET.RADIO: HOW AND WHAT
* summary: about HOWS and WHATS to transmit via internet...
Mon, 15 Dec 1997, Borut Savski from Ljubljana, Ministry for Experiment&Radio
"To define the do-s and don't-s of web casting, let's compare it to
what the conventional radio technologies don't (!!!) offer... and use web
casting in every way possible, especially in the ways that surpass the
ways of conventional radio! And even implement conventional (local?) media
with web (international) principles (those of us who have the possibility).
Web technology offers:
1. (live) real time text, audio & video transmitting (everything
synchronised or in parallel)
2. world-wide accessibility & international concepts
3. synchronised broadcasting from multiple sources on same platform
4. atomised (international) production groups, gathering to their own
5. very differentiated (again international) audiences
6. creation of no-copyright platforms of independent production
7. information banks (texts, interviews, music, archived live production)!!!
8. individualised ways of access to archived text, sound & vision
files (for the audience)
9. no cost difference between local and international
10. no repressive legislation (so far)
What one pays for all of this, is the (low) technical quality of transmission.
The web will remain "the final frontier" for as long as this remains so
So let's not build criteria for web media on the basis of what we are
used to. It's time to rethink the media criteria (hopefully changing it),
not to simply conform it to conventional stereotypes!"
Mon, 15 Dec 1997, Borut Savski, http://xchange.re-lab.net/a/msg00032.htm
MINISTRY OF EXPERIMENTS (Ljubljana)
XCHANGE (net.audio and radio network)
index ---> http://xchange.re-lab.net/
URLs ---> http://xchange.re-lab.net/urlf.html
* riga net.radio OZOne
Xchange Compilation was follow up of the idea about that 'Data can be
placed everywhere', initiated by net.radio OZOne (established by Riga E-LAB,
on-line in Internet since March 1997). It was developed as 'real' network
OZOne's data was* placed on several servers in Europe:
Web-site - in Riga <http://ozone.re-lab.net>, sound files - in Berlin
on Radio Internationale Stadt (all OZONE sound files are available also
from RIS archive) real-audio server: <http://www.icf.de/RIS>
mirror-site in Amsterdam on Xs4all server, where also we had access
to Real Audio server: <http://www.xs4all.nl/~ozone>
* Since december 1997 Ozone has its weekly live broadcasts and it is
moved to E-LAB server http://ozone.re-lab.net
The dominant feature of net.radio development in 1997 was exploring
and using the qualities what the internet adds to communication technologies.
The issue was:
"What is Internet broadcaster and what it has to do with the traditional
concept of radio?
It is particularly important to use net.radio/radio interactive potential,
which hasn't been developed enough so far in this medium.
> Internet radio crossing geographical borders and becoming a global-accessible-interactive-medium
is going to be out of the local media policy control.
> There is no need for particular location of radio itself or data
place, at the same time the content can be identified from each local community
where the data comes from."
(from an article about Xchange project, wr
02. [net.art] '5 min before lunch'
[screening of most interesting net.art projects]
Alexei Shulgin /Moscow/ 386DX CYBER PUNK ROCK BAND
03. [workshop] HOW TO BE A NET CASTER
Net Radio Guide
/made by Irational Radio and Xchange Net Audio Network and /
The guide currently concentrates on RealAudio streaming techniques
and points to RealNetworks services, rather than MP3 or others.
Special attention is paid to combining Internet capability with traditional
terrestial radio, and to the audio archiving and scheduling projects being
pioneered by the Xchange audio network.
The encoder compresses an analogue audio signal into binary form and
sends it to a server running audio streaming capability through a (hopefully)
* creating ram files
You need .ram file, if you want to link to html pages, because Real
Server is using an other protocol pnm:// or rstp:// instead of http://.
Its a plain text file (use Notepad, Simpletext, BBedit) containing
one line of text - the full URL (address) of the actual sound (.ra or .rm)
file which should be located on a server, (either audioserver for live
streaming or http server for archive).
The server delivers the audio stream to the internet.
To turn your server into an audio server for streaming live audio/visual
material you need to install RealAudio Server software. If you are content
with providing archived material you do not need always a RealAudio server.
An ordinary http server will do. Though better streaming is with RealAudio
then http server.