In 1997 the internet was
moving to a new dimension as its capacity was rapidly expanding. It was
possible now better to explore the advantages of Real Audio technology
(emerged in 1995) and to
experiment with real-time net audio streams.
XLR - FIRST REAL AUDIO EXPERIMENTS
* (first) experiments with
live streaming - XLR project/1997
One of the first and most
interesting experiments with live real time audio on the net was the project
"XLR" (Xtended Live Radio) initiated by media artists and independent
radio people from Berlin
and Ljubljana, in summer 1997.
XLR - XTENDED LIVE RADIO
(moni & ulf's text)
XLR was a 14 days after-the-midnight
& fm (broad)casting project, from August 24th to September 5th 1997.
There were two main concerns:
live-web-radio and live-fm-radio. The first week of fm-live-radio was broadcasted
from a studio at Radio Student, the second week from a
public space, Kapelica Gallery,
both in Ljubljana.
Initiators and organisers
of XLR project:
Berlin: Ulf Freyhoff, Monika
Glahn INTERFLUGS HdK and Dagmar Gabler
Ljubljana: Marko Kosnik,
EGON MARCH INSTITUTE, Borut Savski MINISTRY OF EXPERIMENT @ Radio Student
"Main subject of the XLR
experimental radio & internet broadcast is the investigation into different
ways of eXtending Live Radio.
The basis of this investigation
is the establishment of a temporary network between various independent
production contexts in the area of former Yugoslavia as well as in
different cities in Germany
and hopefully throughout the world."
(from XLR concept)
>Monika Glahn & Ulf Freyhoff,
media artists from Berlin, initiators of the project, wrote:
"We invited people from
all over the world to participate and contribute, it took some days till
contacts to other places started to work, so the first days we were doing
whole program ourselves.
So we focused and improvised on subjects which were about what we were
doing there, for example one day it was about feedback (this was the
day when finally the
line to berlin worked and we could work and play with a lot of internet-audio-feedbacks
Other subjects were real-time;
machine and human languages; nothing, something, anything; sun ra .. and
(of course) cyberpunk, cyberspace and cybereverything.
During the two
weeks we managed to successfully combine communication techniques of all
available kinds (low-power fm-links, high-power radio-broadcast, telephone
lines, one-way and two-way
web casting on Internet).
General shape of the program
was a kind of monologues, lectures or readings, discussions, music and
experimental live-mix, interviews. The structure was a main program
between midnight and
2 am, which we called 'main content area', then from 2 till 4 am mix/improvisation
and from 4 am till 5.30 music (recreation). We then faded out with
Dagmars Wusch, an ongoing
story about the 'cyborgs' that she wrote during the time of the project
and reflected the things that were happening during the broadcasts.
In parallel chat was running
all the time, and people, who were not able to send sound, gave comments
or participated that way and we read parts of this communication
during the program too.
There were even people from Australia, Tokio and New York participating."
XLR project was one of the
first experiences in building up an open platform on the net for communication
and collaborative broadcasts, connecting virtual and physical
spaces, exchanging the ideas
on-line via irc chat channels, creating the programme and audio content
together with physically remote located participants.
>From a call for participation
for a special night's program:
"We are offering the platform
we built on this evening to special projects and persons whose work in
different ways does connect positions and ideas and puts strong
efforts in opening and
establishing spaces for creativity, exchange and discussion."
XCHANGE OPEN CHANNEL
Half a year later after XLR
project the other project on building up a platform for real-time audio
experiments started. The project Xchange Open Channel is initiative of
E-LAB and net.radio OZOne
from Riga; it is still on going and open for everybody to join in.
X-Open Channel is on-line
every Tuesday night starting 21.00 CET during net.radio OZOne live net
sessions or any other time when someone initiates it.
Meeting and co-ordination
(of who, how, what and when will stream, or how will pick up what stream
in order to create the loop) mostly is used IRC chat irc.re-lab.net
#xchange channel (or web
java browser at http://irc.re-lab.net/xchange/).
X-Open Channel started in
the beginning of 1998 due to Xchange mailinglist that was established in
December 1997 in order to exchange and distribute the information
among alternative net-broadcasters.
(Xchange mailinglist archive
X-Open Channel was initiated
by Riga net.radio OZOne. The idea was to explore co-broadcasting possibilities.
During X-Open Channel mostly
of many interesting experiments we did without any preplanning - immediate
realising of ideas together with other remote broadcasters was
the way how we were trying
to explore the acoustic cyberspace.
The loop - created often
by more then 3 remote net-casters from different parts of the world which
do their different sound inputs - makes an inexperienced noise. Because
of delays - up to 2-4 seconds,
which real audio stream needs for buffering - audio inputs in such loops
are creating multiple layers of looping sounds. The noise is reminding
the chaos - but in the same
time you can experience how it is creating the virtual space - the 'real'
multi-dimensional acoustic environment.
X-OPEN CHANNEL experiments:
(made by OZOne/Riga, Backspace/London,
MZX/Ljubljana, XLR/Berlin, Alice_t/Graz, and others)
2.35.40 PPP news from Backspace (London)
2.28 loop with more than 3 participants
3.29.50 loop with 6 participants
3.11 loop with 3 participants
2.36 discussion from MZX (Ljubljana)
Martin Schitter & Borut Savski
DISCUSSION in LOOP:
Monika Glahn (in Berlin),
Peteris Kimelis (in Riga) and workshop team in Polar (Tornio)
MOBILE NET.BROADCASTINGS (form train and boat)
KITKAT - mobile broadcrasting
- broadcasting 'in' and
'from' (via mobile phone) the train
(co-project by Radio Kit-Kat
and radio OZOne/E-LAB and)
broadcasting via mobile phone
to the internet:
'local' radio KitKat within
The project was intended
and created as the sound intervention into the closed public space - the
VTT train as well as a live netcast. It was carried out by the three
collaborative partners Radio
Kit-Kat (Peteris Kimelis, Kaspars Vanags, Sergejs Timofejevs) on board
the train, mobile phone line (Baltcom GSM) +Internet connection
provided by Radio Ozone
and E-l@b (Rasa Smite & Raitis Smits, Janis Garancs). The broadcasting
was an independent and self organised activity within VTT.
REBOOT - mobile broadcasting
a floating media art experiment
& telematic club event, october 1999,
boat with media artists
traveled from Cologne to Amserdam